Location: Mediterranean Sea and coasts
Depending on where you are, the Sirocco is inhibiting substantially different characteristics and has many different local names, too. Along the northern African coast the hot air originates directly from the Sahara desert, producing hot, dry and dusty conditions. Visibility becomes very poor and the fine blowing dust might result in danmage to instruments and equipment. On rare occasions the Sirocco is picking up enough dust and sand to produce even sandstorms.
However, the term Sirocco is not used in North Africa, where it is called chom (hot) or arifi (thirsty); Simoom in Palestine, Jordan, Syria, and the desert of Arabia; Ghibli (or Chibli, Gibla, Gibleh) in Libya; Chili (or Chichili) in Tunisia and S Algeria; Khamsin (or Chamsin, Khamasseen) in Egypt and around the Red Sea and Sharavin Israel.
As the air travels northward across the Mediterranean Sea, the Sirocco picks up much moisture because of its high temperature, and reaches Spain (known as Leveche, Solano, Jaloque or Xaloque), Portugal as Xaroco, France as Marin, Malta, Sicily, southern Italy as Scirocco, Croatia as Jugo and even Greece as a very enervating, hot, humid wind. In some parts of the Mediterranean region the word may be used for any warm oppressing southerly wind, often of foehn type. For example, in the extreme southwest of Greece a warm foehn crossing the coastal mountains is named Sirocco di Levante and a sirocco wind on Madeira and the Canaries is known as Leste.
As it travels northward, it causes clouds, fog and rain over northern Mediterranean areas. The sweltering, sultry and close waether during an Sirocco event causes headaches and insomnia for many. The hot humid wind causes overnight temperatures of 30°C and above, while thermometer may well reac 40°C during daytime. Extreme temperature differences (up to 20°C) may occur with the following cold front and its dust may reach even Britain and northern Europe.